肆 、过去实行时,一般未来时

诚如未来时。(is /am /are , does /do )

表格

一般时 进行时 完成时 完成进行时
** 现在 ** study
studies
am studying
is studying
are studying
have studied
has studied
have been studying
has been studying
** 过去 ** studied was studying
were studying
had udied had been studying
** 将来 ** shall study
will study
shall be studying
will be studying
shall have studied
will have studied
shall have been studying
will have been studying
** 过去将来 ** should study
would study
should be studying
would be studying
should have studied
would have studied
should have been studying
would have been studying

时态(Tense)是意味着作为、动作和情状在各样时间标准下的动词形式。因而,当大家说时态结构的时候,指的是应和时态下的动词格局。

土耳其(Turkey)语时态分为16种:一般未来、一般过去、一般以往、过去以往时,以及那四者的实行时、达成时和成就进行时。

一.一般现在时 

用法:

  1. 代表现在时有产生的动作、意况、状态和特色。
  2. 习惯用语。
  3. 平日性、习惯性动作。
  4. 客观事实和普遍真理。尤其要小心,假如前后文不是相似现在时,则无法保全
    主句、从句时态一致。
  5. 表示二个按规定、安排或配备要发生的动作,(仅限于某个表示“来、去、动
    、停、初始、结束、继续”等的动词 )能够与代表今后光阴的状语搭配使用
    。常见的用法是:飞机、火车、轮船、汽车等时间限制定点运营的通市场价格势。

例:

  • The next train leaves at 3 o’clock this afternoon.
    (下一趟列车今日深夜3点发车。)
  • How often does this shuttle bus run?
    (那班车多长期一趟?)
  1. 在时刻和规则状语从句里不时用一般将来(有时也用今后达成时)表示以往事务

_
岁月状语:
  always, usually, often, sometimes, every week (day, year, month…),
once a week, on Sundays, etc.
  基本构造:①be动词;②表现动词
  否定情势:①am/is/are+not;②此时态的谓语动词若为行为动词,则在其前加don’t,如主语为第一个人称单数,则用doesn’t,同时还原行为动词。
  一般难题句:①把be动词放于句首;②用助动词do提问,如主语为第多少人称单数,则用does,同时,还原表现动词。
_

二. 一般过去时

用法:

  1. 意味着过去有些时刻发出的动作或情形。
  2. 意味着过去习惯性动作。特别是由would/ used to
    do表明的句型,自己代表的 就是病故时。
    He used to visit his mother once a
    week.(他此前线总指挥部是每一周看望3次她的亲娘。)

_
时间状语:
  ago, yesterday, the day before yesterday, last week(year, night,
month…), in 1989, just now, at the age of 5, one day, long long ago,
once upon a time, etc.
  基本组织:①be动词;②作为动词
  否定方式:①was/were+not;②在表现动词前加didn’t,同时还原行为动词。
  一般难点句:①was或were放于句首;②用助动词do的身故式did提问,同时还原行为动词。
_

三. 现在进行时(be doing)

概念:表示近期或讲话时正值拓展的动作及表现。

_ 时间状语:now, at this time, these days, etc.
  基本结构:am/is/are+doing

否定情势:am/is/are+not+doing.

诚如难点句:把be动词放于句首。

四 、过去进行时:

用法:

A) 表示在过去多少个相比具体的时刻正在发生的动作。

例:Mary was listening to light music 10 minutes
ago.(10秒钟前,玛丽正在听轻音乐。)

B) 要是when,
while那样的岁月状语教导词所辅导的主从句之一是一般过去时,则另1个句子常用过去举行时。

例:I was washing my hair when you knocked at the front
door.(你敲前门时自作者正在洗头发。)

岁月状语:at this time yesterday, at that
time或以when辅导的谓语动词是相似过去时的命宫状语等。

大旨结构:was/were+doing

否认情势:was/were + not + doing.

一般难点句:把was或were放于句首。

⑤ 、现在完毕时(have done)

用法:

A) 表示动作到现行得了已经完结或碰巧实现。

B)
表示从过去某时刻初步,持续到以往的动作或气象,并且有可能会一而再连续下去。此时常常用一而再性动词。时间状语常用since加七个与世长辞的时间点,或for加一段时间,或by加一个现行反革命日子。

注意事项

今日做到时是联系过去和现行反革命的热点。今后实现时和千古时的区分在于:以往达成时强调动作的动态,或受动态的影响,是动态的结果,对前些天有震慑;过去时只象征过去的某部具体日子里发出的动作,与当今未曾关联。

岁月状语:recently, lately, since…for…,in the past few years, etc.

大旨组织:have/has + done

否定情势:have/has + not +d one.

貌似难题句:have或has。

六. 去世完结时(had done)

概念:以过去有些时刻为业内,在此从前产生的动作或行为,或在过去某动作从前到位的作为,即“过去的过去”。

时光状语:before, by the end of last year(term, month…),etc.

基本结构:had + done.

否认情势:had + not + done.

一般难题句:had放于句首

柒 、一般今后时:

概念:表示即将产生的动作或存在的意况及打算、布置或准备做某事。

时间状语:tomorrow, next day(week, month, year…),soon, in a few minutes,
by…,the day after tomorrow, etc.

着力结构:①am/is/are/going to + do;②will/shall + do.

三 、be to do ④ be about to ⑤ 、一般未来时表未来 ⑥ 、以后实行时表现在。

否定情势:①was/were + not; ②在作为动词前加didn’t,同时还原行为动词。

一般难点句:①be放于句首;②will/shall提到句首。

独家用法:

A) 基本构造是will / shall do。

例:We shall send her a glass hand-made craft as her birthday gift.

B) 某些动词,如:arrive, be close, come, do, done, go, have, leave,
open, play, return, sleep, start,
stay等,用于今后实行时,并且普通与七个象征今后岁月的大运状语连用,可以表示未来时。

例:My mother is coming to visit me next week and is staying here until
May.(作者老妈下周今后看自个儿,并会呆到3月。)

C) 表示“打算去……,要……”时,可用be going to do。

例:This is just what I am going to say.(这便是自家想说的。)

D) 表示“即将、正要”时,可用be about to do。强调近年来内或及时要做的事。

例:Don’t worry, I am about to make a close examination on you.

E) “be to do” 表示“按安排、安顿即将产生某事或打算做某事”。

F) 同样能够表示“正要、将要”的情趣的句型是be on the point of doing。

例:The coach is on the point of giving up the game because our team has
been scored 7 points.   例:二〇〇六年7月大学四级第陆5题

I was _______ the point of telephoning him when his letter
arrived.

A) in   B) to   C) at   D) on

答案是D)。on the point of doing
是一直词组,意思是“正要、打算”。全句的意趣是:“当他的信到的时候本身正要打电话给她。”

注意事项:

在以if, when, as long as, as soon as, after, before, in case, until,
unless等连词以及独具连词功效的副词(immediately, the moment,
directly)等辅导的状语从句,一般用现时时期替未来时。强调可持续性或动态时,可用完结时。

例:I hope his health will have improved by the time you come back next
year.(我愿意到大年您回到的时候,他的身体已经好多了。)

八 、过去现在时:

概念:立足于过去某权且刻,从过去看未来,常用于宾语从句中。

光阴状语:the next day(morning, year…),the following month(week…),etc.

大旨协会:①was/were/going to + do;②would/should + do.

否定格局:①was/were/not + going to + do;②would/should + not + do.

诚如难题句:①was或were放于句首;②would/should提到句首。

例 I said on Thursday I should see my friend the next
day.(作者星期五说笔者将于第②天拜访笔者的对象。)

九 今后到位实行时(have been doing)

用法:表示某一动作早先于过去某一时半刻间,一而再或重复地涌出于今,或将继续持续至未来。

例:We have been working on this project for over a month
now.(到近期截至,大家直接在处理格外项目,已经花了1个多月时间了。)

注意事项:与今日成功时相比较,现在到位实行时更强调:在从过去到近期的日子里,动作或气象一贯频频或直接反复出现。

十 、 以往完结时(will have done)

用法:表示从将来的某临时间开端、一而再到另三个以在此以前子的动作或情状,或是产生在某些以后时光,但对之后的另3个将来时光有震慑的动作或气象。就好象把现行反革命到位时平移到时间轴的以往时时段一样。其用法从和过去及未来关于,变成了和今日及将来的前日关于。

例 The conference __________ a full week by the time it ends.

A) must have lasted   B) will have lasted C) would last     D) has
lasted

以下八种时态考察较少

十一. 以后举办时(will be doing)

用法:强调在以往的有个别具体时刻正在发生的动作或业务。

例:Don’t worry, you won’t miss her. She will be wearing a red T-shirt
and a white skirt at that
time.(别担心,你不会认不出她的。她到时会穿一件樱草黄的羽绒服衫和一条石磨蓝的整圆裙。)

注意事项:由于本时态是由以后时和实行时融合在一块儿的,所以有关本时态的注意事项,可参照”一般以往时”和”现在进行时”的有关切意事项。

十② 、现在完毕举行时:shall have been doing ,will have been doing

例:By the end of next month, the project will have been being worked
for 3 years.
(到下个月初结束,那项工程就已经不停地实行了3年了。)(被动语态)

十③ 、过去完毕举行时:had been doing

例:The old clock had been being taken apart of and fixed up again for
several times by my 10-year old son before I came back
home.(小编再次回到家此前,作者八周岁大的幼子已经把那些旧钟表拆卸仁同一视新组建了某些回了。)(此处强调“拆卸”和“组装”这多个三长两短的身故的动作平昔在屡次进行。)(被动语态)

十④ 、过去现在实行时:should be doing , would be doing

例:The government promised that a new highway would be being built next
July.(政党承诺说第1年四月将有一条新的高速公路正在建筑。)(此句的时日状语是实际的今后时光,所以最好用以往举行时。)(此句为被动语态)

十五 、 过去现在到位时:should have done , would have done

例:I believed by the end of that year an advanced version of that
software would have been developed, but I was
wrong.(我确信到那年岁暮终结,那多少个软件的新本子将被支付出来。但是笔者错了。)(此句为被动语态)

十六 、 过去未来做到实行时:should have been doing , would have been
doing

例:They said that by the end of the following month, the project would
have been being worked for 3 years.
(他们说到第二个月初截止,那项工程就曾经不停地举办了3年了。)

代表以往的情状,状态或特色。

他很欢欣=he is very happy

1.表示经常性习惯性动作。

他时常去逛街=he often goes shopping

2.客观事实和普遍真理。

阳光从东方升起= the sun rises from east

3.代表按规定陈设或配备要发生的动作。

每每用在飞机,轮船,轮船,高铁,轿车等通行方式上。

下一趟飞机在后天午夜3点起航=the next flight takes off at 3pm

4.在时间尺度后,退让状语从句中用一般以后时来代表今后的作业。

自小编一到家就给你打电话=i will call you when i gets home

方今实行时。(am/is /are doing )

1.表示现在正在发生的业务。

她明日正值看电视机=he is watching tv now

2.象征近日一段时间一贯在做的作业,但不自然意味着现在就在做。

本人这一个月以来一贯在就学弹钢琴= i am learning to play piano this month

今后做到时。(has/have done )

1.表示动作到方今终止,刚刚完结大概已经形成,强调对当今产生的震慑。

自身买了贰个新车,然而还尚未卖掉旧的车,所以作者今日有七个车= I have bought
a new car , but haven’t sold the old one , so i have two cars now

2.表示从过去某二个点初阶,持续到前天的动作也许情况,并且丰硕有只怕会持续持续下去。

保加利亚语一贯是本身的兴趣爱好=English has been my passion

当今形成实行时。(has/ have been doing )

代表某一动作从过去开始不停或另行的出现到今日或许将一而再不断到现在。

到今后终结,大家直接在拍卖格外项目,已经花了3个多月= we have been
working on this project for a month

诚如过去时。( did , was /were)

1.表示过去有个别时间发生的动作或气象。

本身前日手提式有线电话机被偷了=my phone was stolen yesterday

2.象征过去习惯性的动作。

当自家要么叁个小女孩的时候,笔者平时买书看=when i was a little girl , i
always bought books to read

3.千古时时做某事。

自我过去隔三差五去钓鱼=i used to go fishing

过去实现时。( had done )

代表在过去的某部时刻或动作已经发出的动作,已经存在的事态,指过去的谢世。

到10分时候结束,他家里已经有5个月没有赢得她的消息了= until then , his
family hadn’t heard from him for 6 months

过去以后时。( would do )

表示从过去的有些时间看以后要发生的事。

本人星期三说,笔者会在礼拜二的时候去游泳= I said on Monday that i would go
swimming on tuesday

过去进行时。( was / were doing )

1.意味着过去具体的光阴正在发生的动作。

半个时辰从前,我正在洗澡= i was taking a shower about half an hour ago

2.意味某些时间段直接在产生的工作。

2018年夏天,小编在打工= i was doing a part time job last summer

诚如以后时。( will do)

1.代表主语,主观意愿的未来。

小编会送给他一本书,作为他的圣诞节礼物=i will give him a book for
christmas gift

2.代表客观将来

鱼离热水了会死= fish will die if it leaves water

3.近期决定。

笔者会去看她= i will go and visit him

4.表示最近内或然立时要做的工作。

并非顾虑,小编立马给您做叁回精心的反省= dont worry , i will do a full
check on you immediately

先天进行时。(will have done )

代表在今日的某部时刻正在发生的作业。

您不会认不出他的,他会穿一件青灰的T恤=

南宋做到时。(will have been doing )

代表在今后的某二个时辰开头,三番五次到另四个未来日子的动作或情形。

议会从早先到截止,将不断整个三个星期。

明天完成进行时。(had been doing )

代表动作从某暂且间伊始,一向一而再到前日某近期间。

过去完毕进行时,表示某一动作一向不停到过去某如今间。( would be doing )

过去将来举办时表示就过去某暂且间而言,以往某一时间或时刻段正在进展的动作。

过去现在实现时。(would have done , should have done )

表示就过去某一段时间而言,现在某一时半刻间。所形成的动作常用在虚拟语气中,表示与过去真相相反。

千古现在完毕实行时。(would have been doing , should have been doing)

代表就过去某方今间而言,未来某一整日在此以前平昔在举办的动作。

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